Croissants and Pain au chocolat

Croissants, like any bread, take a while to make, but I was surprised to learn that the actual work croissants require is minimal. They (thankfully) require no kneading — just rolling with a rolling-pin multiple times.

Due to the structure of waiting time, its good to begin the process the night before a day when you will be around the house, or the morning before you work. The first waiting time is longest and doesn’t involve you, the baker, at all. After it is mixed, the dough needs to rest for 6 – 8 hours or overnight. The second stage is similarly lengthy but punctuated rolling every 2 – 3 hours, 3 – 4 (or more) times. So, you will need to be home to make croissants, but will be able to concentrate on doing something else for pretty much the entire day.

In the end, you will have about a dozen large croissants, or many small ones. I like to make one pan with half the dough, then form and freeze the rest to have infinite fancy breakfasts.


• 2 cups flour
• 1 packet dry yeast
• 2 T sugar
• 2/3 c (almond) milk
• 1 1/4 tsp salt
• 1 egg
• butter

1. Pour milk into a medium bowl and microwave until 90-100 degrees, or for 2 – 3 minutes.

2. Add sugar and yeast; mix to combine. Add 1/2 cup flour. Mix and allow to sit for 15 minutes, when it should start to bubble.

3. Mix in remaining flour and form into loose ball. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate overnight.

[[Optional Step 3.5: At this stage you can prepare the butter by allowing it to reach room temperature then slowly mixing until pliable or by slicing, laying out in a thin layer on plastic wrap, and beating it with a rolling-pin. In either case, you will form it into a medium-sized square and refrigerate to chill again. I did not do these steps as I wasn’t sure how big my dough square would be.]]

4. Remove dough from refrigerator. Roll, trying to maintain a square or rectangular shape.

5. When it is rather thin but not translucent, add cold butter. Slice and line up in continuous square about 2 – 3 inches from each edge.

6. Fold edge flaps over butter to form square. The butter should be tucked and nestled in there so the whole thing looks like a butter galette. Then, fold one edge one-third of the way over. Fold the opposite edge over that edge, so it is a rectangle of dough hugging itself.

7 . Roll gently into rectangle that is slightly smaller than your first rectangle. Fold one end one-third of the way, then fold the opposite end over it to create another hug. Wrap in plastic wrap and refrigerate for 1 – 2 hours.

8. Repeat step 7, rolling dough, folding it over itself, then refrigerating for another hour. Repeat again once or twice, depending on how much time you’ve allotted for this process. It should be folded at least a few times, as more folds will mean more butter layers and therefore more flakiness.

9. Heat oven to 200 degrees (or the lowest possible setting) and roll dough into another rectangle. Make a single line lengthwise. Fold one half in thirds, cover with plastic wrap, and put back in refrigerator.

10. Coat a baking sheet with butter, then flour. Cut dough strip into triangles.

For croissants, roll, starting with the longest side, over itself, leaving the final tip on the bottom. Place on baking sheet straight or curve the ends together to create a crescent shape.

For pain au chocolat, position the triangle with the longest side near you. Put a vertical stripe of chocolate near each side closest to you, essentially making two mini triangles. Fold both sides over into themselves and place on pan seam side down.

11. Turn off oven. Brush croissants with water and put in oven for 1 – 1 1/2 hours. Alternatively, use a proofing box, set or otherwise regulated to maintain 70 – 80 degrees.

12. Remove from oven after about an hour. Croissants should be nearly double in size. Preheat oven to 425 degrees. Brush croissants with beaten egg. If you are making pain au chocolat, sprinkle with sugar. Set aside for 15 minutes.

13. Bake for 20 minutes, or more if you prefer them darker.  Freeze remaining dough.

Poppyseed Roll

The dough in this recipe can also be used for virtually any other filling. It is a vaguely sweet, heavy, and dry dough that pairs nicely with bright tasting fruit or a heavier texture like chocolate or nuts. My family makes poppyseed rolls each Christmas, but when Grandma was around she would make walnut rolls as well.

We tend to half the recipe, which makes anywhere from 5 – 10 rolls depending on size. It is more than enough, but the full recipe is included [in brackets] for posterity. If using the full recipe, it is a good idea to use multiple fillings then freeze the remaining (whole) rolls.


• 1 packet or cake of yeast [2 cakes]
• 1/4 cup warm water [1/2c]
• 4 cups flour [8]
• 1 egg and 2 1/2 yolks (crack 1 yolk into liquid measuring cup, mix, and half)[2 whole, 5 yolks]
• 1/4 cup butter [1/2c]
• 1/4 cup shortening [1/2c oleo]
• under 1/2 cup sugar [3/4c]
• 1/2 pint (8 oz, according the internet) sour cream [1 pint]
• 2 tsp vanilla
• 1/2 tsp salt
• 2 – 3 standard or 1 large can of poppyseed filling

1. Pour warm water into liquid measuring cup. Sprinkle yeast on top. Set aside for 10 minutes.

2. In bowl of electric mixer, whip eggs a few minutes, then add sugar and continue to whip until slightly frothy. Then add butter, whip for a few minutes, then sour cream, yeast mixture, salt, and vanilla. After a moment, add flour and stop as soon as combined.

3. Knead for about 15 minutes. Make a ball, then elongate into a log. With a knife, cut dough into softball-sized portions for rolls that will be about a foot long. You can make larger, smaller, or even mini rolls, so cut according to what you will be making.

4. Cover with towel and allow to rise for 2 – 3 hours.

5. Roll with rolling pin and spread filling (as thick as you’d like-more is more delicious, but as I didn’t have enough the pictured roll has about 1 cm filling) from end to end. It is not necessary to leave space for wrapping as it will be cooked with the fold on the bottom.

6. Roll tightly and cover with towel. Rise 2 – 3 more hours.

7. Coat a heavy baking sheet completely with butter, rubbing with wax paper or just holding the stick and fully covering the pan. Sprinkle flour, then hit and shake the pan to coat completely. Place rolls onto baking sheet and brush with egg wash. Sprinkle sugar on top and allow to set for 10 minutes.

8. Bake for 30 – 40 minutes at 350 degrees, until golden brown. Allow to cool before eating.

Walnut Filling
• 1 tsp vanilla [2]
• 3/4 cup heavy cream [1 1/2c]
• 1 T crushed walnuts [2]
• under a half cup brown sugar [3/4c]

1. Combine ingredients and use instead of poppyseed filling.

Cranberry Muffins


This recipe is from the Better Homes and Gardens Cookbook. It includes a base muffin recipe, with instructions for different fillings like berries, bananas, cheese, poppyseed, or oats. I’ve included cranberry, blueberry, and oat because those are the versions I’ve made so far. If you’d like the quantities for the others, leave a comment!


• 1 3/4 c flour
• 1/3 c sugar
• 2 tsp baking powder
• 1/4 tsp salt
• 1 egg
• 3/4 c milk
• 1/4 c vegetable oil
• berries, oats, fruit, herbs, cheese, or other filling/enhancement

1. Combine flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. Make well in center.

2. In another bowl, beat egg and combine with milk and oil.

3. Add liquid mixture to well in flour, stirring until just moistened.

4. For cranberry muffins, chop 1 cup cranberries in half and add additional sugar. As they are so tart, it is best not to add extra berries. For blueberry muffins, add 1 cup whole berries, with however many extra you’d like. For oatmeal, reduce flour to 1 1/3c and add 3/4c oats.

5. Spoon into muffin cups/tray. Cover with Streusel Topping, which is made by cutting butter into dry ingredients:
• 3 T flour
• 3 T brown sugar
• 2 T butter
• 1/4 tsp cinnamon

6. Bake at 400 degrees for 18 – 20 minutes or longer, depending on how quickly the Streusel becomes golden.